Better know a Canadian functionary: the Chief Dominion Architect

In 1871, the Department of Public Works appointed the first Chief Dominion Architect to design and supervise the construction of the West Block of Parliament. Over the years the Chief Dominion Architect designed most of the federal buildings in Canada, including the post offices and armouries in most towns across Canada. After World War II, more and more of the government’s big design projects were contracted out. The title was changed to Chief Architect in 1963 and finally discontinued in 1975, with its responsibilities transferred to the Assistant Deputy Minister for Design and Construction, Department of Public Works. Today, that post is handled by the Assistant Deputy Minister for the Real Property Branch, Public Works and Government Services Canada.

These are the Chief Dominion Architects of Canada. Architects before 1947 are illustrated with a building they designed. All photos by me.

Thomas Seaton Scott, 1871-81. Cartier Square Drill Hall, Cartier Square, Ottawa, ON.

Thomas Seaton Scott, 1871-81. Cartier Square Drill Hall, Cartier Square, Ottawa, ON.

Thomas Fuller, 1881-96. Post office and customs house, Arnprior, ON.

Thomas Fuller, 1881-96. Post office and customs house, Arnprior, ON.

David Ewart, ISO, 1896-1914. Connaught Building, 525 Mackenzie Ave., Ottawa, ON.

David Ewart, ISO, 1896-1914. Connaught Building, 525 Mackenzie Ave., Ottawa, ON.

Edgar Lewis Horwood, 1914-18. Trafalgar Building, 207 Queen St., Ottawa. Third floor is Sun News Ottawa HQ.

Edgar Lewis Horwood, 1914-18. Trafalgar Building, 207 Queen St., Ottawa. Third floor is Sun News Ottawa HQ.

Richard Cotsman Wright, 1918-27. Confederation Building, Parliament Hill.

Richard Cotsman Wright, 1918-27. Confederation Building, Parliament Hill.

Thomas William Fuller, 1927-36. Justice Building, Parliament Hill.

Thomas William Fuller, 1927-36. Justice Building, Parliament Hill.

Charles Devlin Sutherland, 1936-47. Wartime temporary building, Parliament Hill. Now demolished.

Charles Devlin Sutherland, 1936-47. Wartime temporary building, Parliament Hill. Now demolished.

Joseph Charles Gustave Brault, 1947-52.

Edwin Alexander Gardner, 1952-63.

James Alfred Langford, 1963-75.

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One comment

  1. Pingback: Canadian recipients of the Imperial Service Order | Jeremy Turcotte, Trained Journalist

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